Anonymous ( used just like a mass noun ) may be a loosely associated hacktivist cluster. it ( is estimated to actually have ) originated in 2003 inside the imageboard 4chan, representing the notion of several online and offline community users simultaneously existing as an anarchic, digitized international brain. it is equally usually thought-about to actually be a blanket term for parts of bound internet subcultures, a method to actually refer to actually the actions of individuals enduring an environment where their actual identities aren't known. it strongly opposes internet censorship and surveillance, and most definitely has hacked numerous government web sites. it must too targeted major security firms. its members can possibly be distinguished publicly by your sporting of stylised guy fawkes masks.
in its early kind, the concept was adopted by a decentralized online community acting anonymously utilizing a coordinated manner, typically toward a loosely self-agreed goal, and primarily centered on entertainment. starting with 2008, the anonymous collective became increasingly related to collaborative, international hacktivism. they actually undertook protests and alternative actions in retaliation against anti-digital piracy campaigns by motion picture and recording trade trade associations. actions credited to actually anonymous were undertaken by unidentified people who applied the anonymous label to actually themselves as attribution. a few analystswho ? praised anonymous clearly as the freedom fighters as to the internet, but a digital robin hood, though otherswho ? have condemned them as anarchic cyber-guerrillas.
though not essentially tied to actually a unmarried online entity, several web sites are strongly related to anonymous. this includes notable imageboards an example would be 4chan, their associated wikis, encyclopædia dramatica, and variety of forums. after having a series of controversial, widely publicized protests, distributed denial of service ( ddos ) and website defacement attacks by anonymous in 2008, incidents linked to actually its cadre members have increased. in consideration of its capabilities, anonymous is posited by cnn to actually be one as to the 3 major successors to actually wikileaks. in 2012, yankee magazine time named anonymous collectively as to the most influential teams of individuals on earth